The International and European Trade Union Confederations called on the International Monetary Fund to stop insisting that Greece undertake even more pension cuts and labour market deregulation before the Fund will agree to a new loan programme, or to signing off on disbursements by European institutions.
The governments of Australia, Canada, the UK and the US need to close glaring legal loopholes to prevent the corrupt elite from laundering the proceeds of grand corruption in their local real estate markets, a major anti-corruption watchdog urges.
The Berlin-based Transparency International (TI), a global anti-corruption movement working in over 100 countries, on March 29 issued a new report, Doors Wide Open: Corruption and Real Estate in Key Markets, in which it identifies the 10 main problems related to real estate and money laundering in those four countries and makes recommendations on how to address them.
Interview with Jorge Chediek, Director of the UN Office for South Cooperation (UNOSSC)
NEW YORK (IDN) – South-South and triangular cooperation forms an integral part, complementing North-South Cooperation, of the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by Member States of the United Nations on September 25, 2015 to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all.
How is the UN Office for South Cooperation (UNOSSC) – as the global and United Nations system-wide focal point for South-South cooperation – engaging in advocacy, policy development, knowledge sharing and innovative programmatic activities? Ramesh Jaura, Editor-in-Chief and International Correspondent of IDN, flagship agency of the International Press Syndicate group, asked UNOSSC Director Jorge Chediek this and related questions in an e-mail interview.
Q: The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation mainstreams South-South cooperation across the United Nations system and throughout the international development community. Could you please highlight a few aspects of how this has been done until now?
A: As the global and United Nations system-wide focal point for South-South cooperation, UNOSSC engages in advocacy, policy development, knowledge sharing and innovative programmatic activities.
Through our policy and advocacy programme, we have produced numerous reports including the report of the United Nations Secretary-General on South-South cooperation and the Report of the Administrator of UNDP. The reports inform Member States on recent trends and developments occurring in South-South cooperation, as well as progress in implementing resolutions and decisions of intergovernmental bodies.
UNOSSC has also supported many United Nations organizations in the development of corporate strategies on South-South cooperation. These strategies have enabled United Nations organizations to incorporate South-South and triangular cooperation into their activities, ensuring that these modalities become a core way of doing business.
As a result, many United Nations organizations and agencies have established dedicated budgets, teams and offices that are working specifically to mainstream South-South cooperation in their programmes.
In response to calls by Member States for coordinated United Nations support to South-South cooperation, UNOSSC led in partnership with the United Nations Development Group, the establishment of a South-South and Triangular Cooperation Task Team. This task team seeks to ensure that the full capacity of the UN System is brought to bear in a coordinated and coherent manner towards supporting developing countries’ engagement in South-South activities.
As part of its advisory services to partners, UNOSSC is implementing a capacity development initiative that provides assistance in strengthening of basic legal frameworks and project management tools. Our work also facilitates the anchoring of South-South cooperation in the national development plans and foreign policy strategies of developing countries.
UNOSSC facilitates multi-agency collaboration and the exchange of best practices. The annual United Nations system Expos organized by the Office in collaboration with various organizations have been venues for a multifaceted dialogue on South-South collaboration.
Launched in 2008, the Expos have connected more than 150 countries, with participation by more than 5,200 development practitioners from 30 United Nations agencies and over 100 other institutions. The Expos have showcased and promoted over 600 best practices from this broad spectrum of partners.
Q: How do you propose to foster South-South and triangular cooperation in the changed global development environment against the backdrop of the Paris Climate Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals?
A: South-South and triangular cooperation were identified among the means of implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly with regard to capacity development and the application of science, technology and innovation to development.
In fact, Member States have recently emphasized the role of South-South cooperation in the context of the 2030 Agenda, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, and the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
In order to prioritize our efforts to be more responsive to the requests of Member States and the United Nations system, UNOSSC is working in three focus areas moving forward: advocacy, knowledge-sharing, and innovative demand-driven programming.
UNOSSC, in partnership with the UNDG Task Team, recently conducted a mapping exercise of effective South-South and triangular cooperation initiatives that are contributing towards the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. The results – 61 good practices from 31 contributing institutions – are highlighted in the publication Good Practices in South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Sustainable Development. Illustrations of the solutions compiled include the International Labour Organization’s work on social protection floors that is spreading across regions, and the transfer of good practices on school feeding programmes from Brazil to other parts of the world. This is a living document that is being expanded.
We leverage each partner’s capacities and comparative advantages, recognizing that all have something valuable to contribute. For example, in 2016 UNOSSC, in partnership with the Executive Office of the Secretary-General, launched the Southern Climate Partnership Incubator. Initial seed funding was received from the Government of China. The initiative aims to facilitate networking and accelerate access to green technologies by developing countries on favourable terms.
UNOSSC has also recently launched the South-South in Action publication series. Through this series it is encouraging countries themselves to publish homegrown experiences that have led to the achievement of their own development goals, and, in turn, those of other countries. South-South in Action gives Governments and partner organizations full ownership of the narrative of their undertakings.
The first volume of the series, jointly published by the Royal Thai Government and UNOSSC, was launched in New York in January 2017. Since then, the publication has also been launched in Cotonou and Geneva.
The annual public letter from Bill and Melinda Gates has become a much-celebrated event in the global development calendar. But lost in the excitement around this year’s letter is the fact that it uses 6,000 words to paint a picture that is so selective in its use of facts that it amounts to little more than propaganda for a failing aid and development industry, and indeed a failing ideology.
And the 2017 letter is especially striking for just how out-of-sync it feels with the zeitgeist.
Government external debt payments reach highest level in the last decade following commodity price falls and rising value of the US dollar
Figures released before US Federal Reserve meeting where interest rates are expected to be increased again, which will push debt payments higher
Figures released today by the Jubilee Debt Campaign, based on IMF and World Bank databases, show that developing country debt payments increased by 45% between 2014 and 2016 . They are now at the highest level since 2007.
New evidence is deepening scientific fears, advanced few years ago, that the Middle East and North Africa risk becoming uninhabitable in a few decades, as accessible fresh water has fallen by two-thirds over the past 40 years.
This sharp water scarcity simply not only affects the already precarious provision of drinking water for most of the region’s 22 countries, home to nearly 400 million inhabitants, but also the availability of water for agriculture and food production for a fast growing population.
A new issue of the South Bulletin places a focus on the US “border adjustment” tax being planned, a new protectionist device that could devastate the exports of developing countries and cause American and other foreign companies to relocate.
Recent disturbing trends in international finance have particularly problematic implications, especially for developing countries. The recently released United Nations report, World Economic Situation and Prospects 2017 (WESP 2017) is the only recent report of a multilateral inter-governmental organization to recognize these problems, especially as they are relevant to the financing requirements for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Corporate tax has fallen dramatically (tens of percent) in most countries. In addition, large multinational companies engage in aggressive tax planning, which further reduces tax revenues by at least a hundred billion euros a year in the EU. The EU has not been of any assistance in overcoming the tax war between member states. If anything, the tax “competition” has been more severe in Europe than elsewhere or globally. At the same time the EU itself is in a legitimation crisis and its disintegration threatens to continue. The EU would need full fiscal capacity and proper fiscal policies in order to improve economic developments and make a real and positive difference to the lives of its citizens. A common European corporate tax could be an opportunity to hit two birds with one stone.
In order for Africa to assume responsibility for its own transformation and elevation, and be able to undertake self-reliant development and create secure domestic prosperity, it must create its own specific ideology and strategy of self-development. To do this there are 5 irreducible components that have to be designed and put in place.
In the period since independence in the 1950s, Africa has undergone profound social, cultural, economic and political changes. Some inherited and historically rootless colonialist political and social systems have collapsed, been transcended and reconstituted. Different political systems – single party rule, personal rule and military governments - have come and gone. New post-independence political and social systems, economic institutions, professional associations and labour unions, various types - traditional and new - and varied cultural expressions have all emerged. Creative efforts to foster effective nation-building, develop a sense of belonging and manage diversity productively have also been made.